Professor Catherine Hill BSc, MSc, PhD

Professor in Anthropology



  • U20124 Human Resource Ecology
  • U20143 Human Ecology
  • U20192 People and Other Animals


  • P20102 People-Primate Interactions (MSc Primate Conservation)

Research Students

  • S. HIll (1998-2000)
  • A.D. Webber (2003-2006)
  • R.K. Zapf McShane (2006-2008) - Antioch University, US
  • M.R. McLennan (2005-2010)
  • G.E. Wallace (2005-2010)
  • K. Hiser (2005-2012)
  • H. Parathian (2006-2014)
  • Nancy Moinde-Fockler (2009-2014) Rutgers University, US
  • J. vaz de Sousa (2009-2014)
  • Nicola Lamb (2014 -
  • Aimee Oakley (2014 -
  • Miranda Strubel (2015 -
  • Hellen Bersacola (2016 -
  • Ben Klinkenberg (2016 -


Kate's research focuses on people-wildlife interactions and the human dimensions of conservation.  She is currently working with research students on these issues in Uganda, Guinea Bisseau and the UK.  Previous PhD students have worked in Uganda, Colombia, Kenya and Guinea Bisseau. 

Research Projects


  • Human-wildlife conflict in Uganda (2005-2009) - funded by The Leverhulme Trust (F/100 382/F)


  • Sharing landscapes and tolerating wildlife: the reintroduction of the red kite to the UK [with Miranda Strubel, Prof. S. Redpath, Dr A. Webber] (2015-


  • Journal articles
  • Book chapters
  • Other

Journal articles

  • S. M. van Kuijk, C. García-Suikkanen, J. C. Tello-Alvarado, J. Vermeer, C. M. Hill. (2015):  Estimating population density of the San Martin titi monkey (Callicebus oenanthe) in Peru using vocalisations.  Folia Primatologica, 86: 525-533.  DOI: 101.159/000442974.
  • Hockings, K. J., McLennan, M. R., Carvalho, S., Ancrenaz, M., Bobe, R., Byrne, R., Dunbar, R. I. M., Matsuzawa, T., McGrew, W. C., Williamson, E. A., Wilson, M., Wood, B., Wrangham, R., and Hill, C. M. (2015): Apes in the Anthropocene: flexibility & survival.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 04/2015: 30(4). DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2015.02.002.
  • Hill, C.M. (2015): Perspectives of 'conflict' at the wildlife-agriculture boundary: 10 years on.  Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20(4): doi:10.1080/10871209.2015.1004143
  • Webber, A.D., & C.M. Hill, (2014): Using Participatory Risk Mapping (PRM) to Identify and Understand People's Perceptions of Crop Loss to Animals in Uganda.  PLoS ONE, 9(7): e102912
  • Hockings, KJ, McLennan, MR, & CM Hill (2014): Fear beyond predators. Science, 05/2014; 344(6187):981. Science, 05/2014; 344(6187):981
  • Webber, A.D., & C.M. Hill (2014): Risk mapping and risk indices.  Tools for identifying, prioritising and understanding people’s perceptions of risk of crop loss to wild and domesticated species in Uganda.  PLoS ONE, 9(7): e102912
  • Hsaio, S., Wallace, G.E., Hill, C.M., & C.A. Ross (2013): Crop raiding deterrents around Budongo Forest Reserve: An evaluation through farmer actions and perceptions. Oryx,
  • Wallace, G.E., & C.M. Hill (2012): Crop damage by primates: Quantifying the key parameters of crop-raiding events.  PLoS ONE, 7(10): e46636. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046636
  • Hill, C.M., & G. E. Wallace (2012): Crop protection and conflict mitigation: reducing the costs of living alongside nonhuman primates. Biodiversity and Conservation, 21(10): 2569-2587 DOI 10.1007/s10531-012-0318-y
  • McLennan, M.R., & C.M. Hill (2012): Troublesome neighbours: Changing attitudes towards chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in a human-dominated landscape in Uganda.  Journal of Nature Conservation, 20:219-227
  • Hill, C.M., & A.D. Webber (2010):  Perceptions of Nonhuman Primates in Human-Wildlife Conflict Scenarios.  American Journal of Primatology 72(10): 919-924
  • McLennan, M.R., & C.M. Hill (2010):  Chimpanzee Responses to Researchers in a Disturbed Forest-Farm Mosaic at Bulindi, Western Uganda, American Journal of Primatology, 72(10): 907-918
  • Marchal, V., & C.M. Hill (2009): Primate crop-raiding: A study of local perceptions in four villages in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Primate Conservation, 24:
  • Waters, S.S, Hobbelink, M.E. & C.M.Hill (2007):Local Awareness of the Swift Fox Reintroduction Program in North Western Montana, USA. Journal of Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 12(4)
  • Webber, A.D., Hill, C.M., & V. Reynolds (2007): Assessing the failure of a community-based human wildlife conflict mitigation project in Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Oryx, 41(2): 177-184
  • Tweheyo, M., Hill, C.M., & J. Obua. (2005): "Patterns of crop raiding by primates around Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda", Wildlife Biology, 11(3): 237-247.
  • Hill, C.M., (2004):  Farmers' perspectives of conflict at the wildlife-agriculture boundary: Some lessons learned from African subsistence farmers.  Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 9(4): 279-286.
  • Hill, C.M., (2002):  Primate Conservation and Local Communities - Ethical Issues and Debates. American Anthropologist, 104(4): 1184-1194.
  • Hill, C.M., (2000):  A conflict of interest between people and baboons: crop raiding in Uganda" International Journal of Primatology. 21:299-315.
  • Ball, H.L., & C.M. Hill (1999): Insurance ovulation, embryo mortality and twinning. Journal of Biosocial Science, 31(2): 245-256.
  • Hill, C.M., (1998):  Conflicting attitudes towards elephants around the Budongo Forest Reserve, Uganda. Environmental Conservation, 25(3): 244-250.
  • Hill, C.M., (1997):  Crop-raiding by wild vertebrates: the farmer's perspective in an agricultural community in western Uganda. International Journal of Pest Management, 43(1): 77-84.
  • Hill, C.M., & H.L. Ball,  (1996):  Abnormal births and other "ill omens". The adaptive case for infanticide. Human Nature, 7(4): 381-401.
  • Ball, H.L. & C.M. Hill, (1996): Re-evaluating twin infanticide. Current Anthropology, 37(5): 856-863.
  • Hill, C.M., (1994): The role of female diana monkeys, Cercopithecus diana, in territorial defence. Animal Behaviour, 47(2): 425-431.

Book chapters

  • McLennan, M.R. & Hill, C.M. (2015) Changing agricultural practices and human-chimpanzee interactions: tobacco and sugarcane
    farming in and around Bulindi, Uganda. In: Arcus Foundation, ed. State of the Apes Volume II: Industrial Agriculture and Ape Conservation.
    Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • McLennan, M.R., & C.M. Hill (2013):  “Ethical Issues in the Study and Conservation of an African Great Ape in an Unprotected, Human-Dominated Landscape in Western Uganda” in “Fieldwork ethics in Biological Anthropology” (Eds) J.V. McClancy & A. Fuentes, Berghahn Press: Oxford
  • Hill, C.M., & J.F. Oates (2013): Cercopithecus diana diana. In: Mammals of Africa, Eds. T. Butynski et al. Bloomsbury Press: London. pp:31-312.
  • Babweteera, F., Sheil, D., Reynolds, V., Plumptre, A.J., Zuberbuhler, K., Hill, C.M., Webber, A.D., & M. Tweheyo (2012): Environmental and anthropogenic changes in and around the Budongo Forest Reserve. In Long Term Changes in Africa's Rift Valley: impacts on biodiversity and ecosystems. (Ed.) A.J. Plumptre. Nova Science Publishers: New York
  • Hill, C.M., (2009): Working with communities to achieve conservation goals. In: Wildlife and Society in the 21st Century. Eds. M. Manfredo, J. Vaske & D. Brown, Island Press: Boulder, Colorado. pp:117-128.
  • Hill, C.M., (2005): People, crops and primates: a conflict of interests. In: Primate commensalism and conflict. Eds. J.D. Paterson & J. Wallis, American Society of Primatologists: Norman, Oklahoma. pp: 40-59.
  • Osborn, F.V., & C.M. Hill, (2005): "Techniques to reduce crop loss to elephants and primates in Africa: the human and technical dimension." In: People and Wildlife: Conflict or Co-existence? Eds. Woodroffe, R., Thirgood, S. & A. Rabinowitz. Cambridge University Press. pp: 72-85.
  • Hill, C.M., (2002): People, crops and wildlife: a conflict of interests. In: Eds. C.M. Hill, F.V. Osborn & A.J. Plumptre, Human-Wildlife Conflict: Identifying the problem and possible solutions. Albertine Rift Technical Report Series, Volume 1, Wildlife Conservation Society.
  • Hill, C.M. & Ball, H.L., (1999): Parental manipulation of postnatal survival and well-being: are parental sex preferences adaptive? In: Sex, Gender and Health (Eds.) T.M. Pollard & S.B. Hyatt, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. pp:18-36.
  • Carlin, L.E., & C.M. Hill, (1998): Growth and development in art history. In: The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Growth and Development. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. pp: 394.


  • C.M. Hill, F.V. Osborn & A.J. Plumptre (2002) (eds): Human-Wildlife Conflict: Identifying the problem and possible solutions. Albertine Rift Technical Report Series Vol. 1., Wildlife Conservation Society.